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Miniature Vehicles Do Not Belong On The Highway

  • 23 Jul 2019
  • Written by  Big Lakes County

Did you know?! Electric scooters, pocket bikes, golf carts, motorized skateboards, go-carts, and personal transporters are not allowed on any highways in Alberta including sidewalks alongside the roadway.

According to Alberta Transportation: 

Prohibited Operation: These vehicles are motor vehicles, as defined in the Traffic Safety Act; however, they also meet the definition of “miniature vehicles” which are not permitted on a highway in Alberta, including sidewalks alongside the roadway. While many of these motorized vehicles will be used in a pedestrian-like manner, the operators of these vehicles do not meet the legal definition of “pedestrian.”
 
Permitted Operation: Miniature vehicles may not be operated on a highway in Alberta; they may only be operated on private property. The definition of “highway” on page 4 of this document includes privately owned places that the public is ordinarily entitled or permitted to use for the passage or parking of vehicles, for example, shopping mall parking lots.
 
In law, these vehicles meet the definition of a motor vehicle; however they do not fit the definitions of mobility aid, motorcycle, or pedestrian.

TRAFFIC SAFETY ACT

Section 1(x): “motor vehicle” means

(i) a vehicle propelled by any power other than muscular power, or

(ii) a moped but does not include a bicycle, a power bicycle, an aircraft, an implement of husbandry or a motor vehicle that runs on rails.

 
Section 1(v): “mobility aid” means a device used to facilitate the transport, in a normal seated orientation, of a person with a physical disability.
 
Section 1(w): “motorcycle” means a motor vehicle, other than a moped, that is mounted on 2 or 3 wheels and includes those motor vehicles known in the automotive trade as motorcycles and scooters.
 
Section 1(gg): “pedestrian” means

(i) a person on foot

(ii) a person in or on a mobility aid and includes those persons designated by regulation as pedestrians.

 
Section 52(1): Except as otherwise permitted under this Act, a person shall not operate a motor vehicle or trailer on a highway unless there is a subsisting certificate of registration issued in respect of that vehicle.
 
Miniature Vehicle definition according to: OPERATOR LICENSING AND VEHICLE CONTROL REGULATION
 
59(1) A miniature vehicle must not be registered as a motor vehicle.
 
(2) In this section, “miniature vehicle” means a go-cart, a 3 or 4-wheeled vehicle of less than standard size, a golf cart, a 3 or 4-wheeled vehicle that the registrar considers would present a hazard to other highway users because of its novel size or operating characteristics or a vehicle referred to in subsection (3) or (4).
 
(3) An off highway vehicle is a miniature vehicle if it has 3 or 4 wheels and is less than standard size.
 
(4) A motorcycle or moped that has the following is a miniature vehicle:

(a) a seat height of less than 70 centimetres when there is no load

(b) a wheel rim diameter less then 25 centimetres

(c) a wheel base of less than 100 centimetres when measured from the centre of one axle to the centre of the other axle.
 

Learn more by visiting: http://www.transportation.alberta.ca/Content/docType41/Production/small_vehicle_booklet_final.pdf